INTRODUCTION TO UNICODE GURMUKHI
Why Unicode Gurmukhi?
What is Unicode?
Incorporating Unicode into client-server or multi-tiered applications and websites offers significant cost savings over the use of legacy character sets. Unicode enables a single software product or a single website to be targeted across multiple platforms, languages and countries without re-engineering. It allows data to be transported through many different systems without corruption.
The Unicode Consortium is a non-profit organization founded to develop, extend and promote use of the Unicode Standard, which specifies the representation of text in modern software products and standards. The membership of the consortium represents a broad spectrum of corporations and organizations in the computer and information processing industry. Founded in 1991 following several years of informal cooperation, the Unicode Consortium continues to develop and promote The Unicode Standard, aid in its implementation, and works to maintain quality control over future revisions to the Standard. The Unicode Consortium brings together software industry corporations and researchers at the leading edge of standardizing international character encoding. The outcome of this cooperation is the Unicode Standard, which provides the foundation for internationalization and localization of software.
Unicode is a 16 bit standard that allows use of more than 65000 characters in one font. It has support for major Indic (Indian) scripts that include Devanagari (Hindi, Marathi, Sanskrit), Bengali (Bengali, Assamese), Gurmukhi (Punjabi), Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. Microsoft Windows XP/ Vista has full support for Indic scripts, including Gurmukhi. All future development regarding scripts will be based on Unicode.
Visit unicode.org for more information on the unicode consortium and standard.